> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> endobj endobj Since Zambiki spoke the Nkuna dialect, it implied that missionaries used this dialect in compiling everything written in Xitsonga. To listen to a short snippet of Lesson 1 click on the relevant language below. 25 0 obj endobj There are two types of written Norwegian, Bokmål and Nynorsk. endobj << /Contents 56 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 9 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> 35 0 obj 19 0 obj << /Contents 37 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 7 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> Save as CSV . the use of code –switching from xitsonga to english as a conversational strategy by hlamalani dollence baloyi mini-dissertation submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of masters of arts in translation studies and linguistics in the faculty of humanities (school of languages and communication studies) at the endobj endobj �Q����FI���B���=���[R(�,)s������0�~K�2. endobj << /Contents 47 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 7 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R /F5 48 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> He points out that this low status reflects the way in which the language as a school subject is held in poor esteem. 36 0 obj endobj Good morning Molo Good evening ('Molo' ) Good night Ulale kakuhle I don't understand Andiqondi Page 1 of 9. endobj They originated from the eastern part of Mozambique in the past two thousand years, long before the arrival of the Portuguese. << /Contents 61 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 9 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> 27 0 obj << /Contents 55 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 8 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> endobj endobj endobj Hoi, ik ben Bart de Pau. Zambiki who spoke Xitsonga. stream endobj Save as CSV . (�% ʄ����~Ҁ6��vXŶ�ޟ�� dZ�^aG�zq�q��k(�I�$�W {2� ��$V�J`��%��C8����F��B�G�Ħ��Y������ ��FS�98m" 2005-03-09T07:52:00Z endobj << /Contents 58 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 9 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R /F6 59 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> endobj However, discrepancies exist between language policy aims and … 11 0 obj only way to learn it is to practice, and speak the language with people who know it. 2005-03-09T08:10:37+02:00 12 0 obj << /Contents 57 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 9 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> << /Contents 60 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 9 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> 13 0 obj 26 0 obj << /Contents 51 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 8 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F4 46 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> Most people from the other population groups can also understand and speak Xitsonga. By paying … << /Contents 62 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 9 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> 18 0 obj 1.2.1 The Status of Xitsonga as a Language and its Position as a School Subject Reuben Masinge’s informative MA dissertation (1997) determines the causes of the low status and position of Xitsonga. %PDF-1.7 endobj ��l~ ���%�b�awY�r"Ƽ� 9����O���`�#��J�� ��=n#����7\�vpU����?B�f�}�\��0WEO�$��S�_����.����?�3rb����.�~E̅��v�n��0]f��Ԋ,�#i��20���]�:����N=Z�hy��Χ�AEC38����i����z��8�>?�\�ë:8���:��a�x�ϑs��H�O��h��g4��L�"C����� �����4X��#�����c�H�V@����}|�TNxZy�8��w\P4��o;T�g&�'�g��:�v$��U�xX�q g`�����B�%VyI\�8@D �����9B�4�H:�*(T������6B�&>��c�����+�5�X8��)�#5�����nDNa�0}l�@-$�a�� << /Contents 49 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 7 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> Xitsonga English; Ku rila: To cry: Ku tlangela siku ro velekiwa: Celebrating a birthday: Ku tlula: To jump: Madyambu … Norwegian Lessons: Learn to Speak Norwegian Norwegian Phrases, Vocabulary, and Grammar with Pronunciation. << /Contents 43 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 7 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> Approximately 1,646,000 people in the Limpopo Province are Xitsonga speaking. 23 0 obj endstream Xitsonga is grouped as S50 in Guthrie’s classification (1967-71) and is thus not closely related to any of the other Bantu languages spoken in South Africa, like Sesotho (S30) or Isizulu (S40). I can't speak Xhosa Andisithethi isiXhosa Do you speak English? This colorful ethnic group mainly resides in the Southern part of Africa as a continent. Need more Norwegian? << /DefaultGray 3 0 R /DefaultRGB 4 0 R /Metadata 5 0 R /Pages 6 0 R /Type /Catalog >> However, in light of the synchronic similarities that the different Xitsonga dialects share with the Nguni and Tekeza languages, … Acrobat PDFWriter 5.0 for Windows 3 0 obj Choose a language above to practice and learn words and phrases for any of the 11 official South African languages. Recommendations Home Tsonga Language (Xitsonga) endobj Whether you’re a beginner starting with the basics or looking to practice your reading, writing, and speaking, Duolingo is scientifically proven to work. Speak English fluently with Free Spoken English lessons using over 10,000 free audio files! 34 0 obj endobj Although listening and speaking skills are important, the emphasis is on the … Attempting to learn from reading this would be unproductive, or worse, boring. Learn xitsonga with Brian Breezy 10,420 views. Microsoft Word << /Contents 64 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 10 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F7 65 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> Take Tests: Resources. 17 0 obj endobj 2005-03-09T08:10:37+02:00 varieties). stream endobj 33 0 obj Master the basics When you master the basics of conversation you will be able to put that into practice with millions of South Africans in your city and province. endobj Introduction The Tsonga are a diverse people, generally including the Shangaan, Thonga, Tonga, and several smaller ethnic groups. << /Contents 67 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 10 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> endobj endobj Total translations: 2,210: Total languages: 1,510: Make it your Bible. The Xitsonga people have their native and current roots to the country of South Africa and the southern region of Mozambique. For once, the Vatsonga and Machangana reached agreement and in unison registered their name as Xitsonga, and that is how it is … endobj This as a result will lead to communicative success. 30 0 obj Vatsonga have been traced back by historians, to 500 – 1400 AD. Study and Learn: Certify. Play Games: Study. On this page you can read or download grade 11 xitsonga home language p2 memorandum in PDF format. stream 20 0 obj x��v�Pox��e="K�5L�c9�M��$�Z#���g�W��"�}� The Vatsonga/Machangana constitute an ethnic group in South Africa, located in the southern part of the African continent. << /Count 1 /Kids [ 36 0 R ] /Parent 6 0 R /Type /Pages >> Learning to speak with the people you live with shouldn’t be a chore, and the purpose of this guide is to make that aspect of your life a little easier. 31 0 obj << /Contents 44 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 7 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F3 41 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> A phrase is xivulwana in Xitsonga; The community is correcting the information on this page. 10 0 obj <> 16 0 obj 32 0 obj 4 0 obj Xitsonga English; A hi mina: It's not me: A ku hisi: It's not hot: A ku titimeli: It's not cold: A ku ve khisimusi lerinene: Merry … CHAPTER 1.doc << /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 1461 >> Uyasithetha isingesi na? endobj endobj I am an online Dutch teacher + founder of the Dutch Summer School and the Dutch Winter School.More about me here.. My mission: to make learning Dutch accessible to people all over the world, by online courses and Dutch language camps. << /Count 25 /Kids [ 7 0 R 8 0 R 9 0 R 10 0 R 11 0 R ] /Type /Pages >> 7N�0�o��s���ŏ����Ʃ���˭k*��~�t�r��MsQn�0�����v��z��\n��n:�y_n���&�mK�����ɻf���7�����f���ux��2�N?�4}��s�V]�]oA�)u"�W�P7�ߕS�O��^G���2%t��@nCǶ��ẓ�o喻*ɞdx�=�4��d �y�h�C]���ϥ��LY����!�9��q����U79������Ͷ����d@N�\���~pA�� WQ���F�۶}�!�7eh�]3�M��a�7_�onp�����#����9��=���� ��0 29 0 obj Thanks to Dan for helping with this tutorial and Celine for the recordings! 15 0 obj 21 0 obj 1.7 ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY The study … [ /CalGray << /Gamma 0.2468 /WhitePoint [ 0.9505 1 1.0891 ] >> ] A collection of useful phrases in Tsonga, a Bantu language spoken mainly in South Africa, and also in Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Swaziland. << /Contents 68 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 10 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> Although, strictly speaking, this is not a comparative study, a demonstration of how each type of alternation takes place in English will be given followed by an application of the alternations to Xitsonga constructions. << /Contents 50 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 8 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> �P� endobj Learn Spanish in just 5 minutes a day with our game-like lessons. endobj djagegjj 5:47. 9 0 obj Learning how to speak Tshivenda 3,700 views. << /Contents 66 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 10 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> ]LU��������*��P\�_8�� 7 0 obj 24 0 obj Languages available are -Isifundo, Isingesi, Isingisi, Seisemane,Seeyesemane,Isingisi. Bite-sized Spanish lessons. << /Contents 45 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 7 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R /F4 46 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> << /Contents 54 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 8 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> << /Contents 69 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 10 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> 8 0 obj << /Count 6 /Kids [ 18 0 R 19 0 R 20 0 R 21 0 R 22 0 R 23 0 R ] /Parent 6 0 R /Type /Pages >> Sadly, amidst the excitement of the new democracy, Xitsonga was chopped from the national anthem. Purpose: of this module is intended to equip qualifying student teachers with the knowledge and skills of Xitsonga as a Home Language so that it may be used as a language of learning and teaching in the Foundation and Intermediate Phases. According to the author, there are several factors that influence learning of speaking skills for instance use of mother tongue outside and inside classroom environment, low status of English in a country, learners’ negative attitude towards … Choose your topic: Compete. �w�8�`�d�%��tرy,�*#��'$��B�<0,؜��[�yT�Ғ\��o;�C��WXې~x��o��'�7�k����{~ ێ��M�R��0�X����Ѹ�O���|Agsw�^�02u����>!�;��Ã�6����6ZRע؋��P�R:�P=E`�܀OEb20n�a�����m����3oC��\R۷���,Z�I������y~��ak��K��`;0j�m�v��Ԇ��v퀁q��#t��Dɏ W�T���수>�D�a�%u����#Au## ���ݲl�y��I�t�f�c��ۘ�K��:|�pR�;��V�,:��oQ7�e;`Xv���!t�j������i�#-�w���� ����w��]4Og$�-K�"��IaL�jS_�G �` �� ��T��{^��"�0�>����� ����╃ endobj This is a list of common Xitsonga phrases translated to English. endobj ('Ukhona apha umntu othetha isiNgesi' ?) 22 0 obj Save as PDF . #>�Z�1�֡gL\�{1�0�k���]�sC�>�� �}�cSvc@�(�a3�;�1�3�'=#wIrG�����s�%�y nj�p�W"���PPpk`"�d ��K��m}�d/�޷�i��v8�1ۇY��)a:݈��dUw5�͈��vܝ� ���� �����������ƴ���E�6Iݬv~� ���Xr��8�g�2U}c�vZ�!x�ocɞ�� ��hR족�PK�ٞ�? [ /CalRGB << /Gamma [ 0.2468 0.2468 0.2468 ] /Matrix [ 0.4361 0.2225 0.0139 0.3851 0.7169 0.09711 0.1431 0.06059 0.7141 ] /WhitePoint [ 0.9505 1 1.0891 ] >> ] The majority of them continue living according to their Xitsonga culture that has influenced boys' and girls' self-expression of emotions when faced with social disturbances where emotions such … Is there someone here who speaks English? �X�(��>���M�G�wU@��FO�f��R�/ax�Zׅ�4F�Q�:���)�욞ˠe�4�8"E�6:��C�~���\'�bת��Cߥ����{׍A;�+$38�;�n�г�:�E������� ��r*7�5��3�:���Ж,\�� � ΢ #�p�:;�Jn����Z��G�]5t�@�o~U^�e�]�Ր��h@y�1B��d�5� So�o�߰�H��tWv��O������:���!�z���@�k�����Z��Kt ���M�)�h��x���%��a�� 5 0 obj CHAPTER 1.doc H��V�r�6���>:���ܧ8�&�4�ƚ4��C! A phrase is xivulwana in Xitsonga; The community is correcting the information on this page. 1 0 obj The Tsonga people are a Bantu speaking ethnic group that is also widely referred to as Xitsonga. 2005-03-09T08:10:37+02:00 << /Contents 52 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 8 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F4 46 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> Tsonga (/ ˈ t s ɒ ŋ É¡ ə, ˈ t s ɔː-/) or Xitsonga (Tsonga: Xitsonga), is a Bantu language spoken by the Tsonga people of southern Africa. Learning how to speak Tsonga ( Xitsonga) - Duration: 5:47. Save as PDF . Ndumeliso -Greetings - Duration: 2:52. due to absence of authentic language learning situations outside and inside classroom. 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<< /Count 6 /Kids [ 12 0 R 13 0 R 14 0 R 15 0 R 16 0 R 17 0 R ] /Parent 6 0 R /Type /Pages >> << /Count 6 /Kids [ 24 0 R 25 0 R 26 0 R 27 0 R 28 0 R 29 0 R ] /Parent 6 0 R /Type /Pages >> BIBELE Mahungu Lamanene (TSO89) BIBELE Mahungu Lamanene (TSO89) Xitsonga (Bibele) (TSO29NO) Available translations. << /Subtype /XML /Type /Metadata /Length 1304 >> Fun, effective, and 100% free. SSppookkeenn EEnngglliisshh LLeeaarrnneedd QQuuiicckkllyy LESSONS Pages 1.1 through 16.39 APPENDIX INFORMATION Information for the Student A.1 Assignment Calendar B.2 See More C.1 Coming to the United States D.1 The Journey of a Wise Man: A fable for English learners E.1 A Wise Man’s Discovery: A fable for English … Together they numbered about 1.5 million people in South Africa in the mid-1990s, with some 4.5 million individuals in southern Mozambique and Zimbabwe. %PDF-1.3 *Our English courses are also available for an African speaking person to learn to speak English. %�쏢 37 0 obj 1.6 SCOPE AND DELIMITATION Even though there will be constant reference to the work already done by other scholars, the researcher’s emphasis will be on the expression of apology in Xitsonga. systematical used in the microstructure of Xitsonga/English Dikixinary/Dictionary (2005) so that dictionary users could be able to retrieve systematic information that could help them to speak the target language in a communicative functional way. Play a game to start learning right away. djagegjj Zambiki knew how to speak Sesotho and together with the Basotho Matlanyane and Segagabane, helped the missionaries to translate the Bible and Hymns into Xitsonga. << /Contents 63 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 10 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> << /Contents 53 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 8 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> �I?��a��ԩ;��L�Td4B�|�14���H#�-g=!� �. Learn English Speaking Online to improve your Spoken English. endobj This tutorial includes Bokmål only. ͙l��|̩* �}/����+�u�?�>_|��X������? djagegjj 5 0 obj CHAPTER 1.doc This is a list of common Xitsonga phrases translated to English. << /Author (djagegjj) /CreationDate (D:20050309075200Z) /Creator (Microsoft Word) /ModDate (D:20050309081037+02'00') /Producer (Acrobat PDFWriter 5.0 for Windows) /Title (CHAPTER 1.doc) >> %���� 14 0 obj 2 0 obj Highlight or Bookmark your favourite verses, make Verse Images that you can share, and attach public or private Notes to Bible passages. If you don't see any interesting for you, use our search form on bottom ↓ . grade 11 Xitsonga speaking learners of a local high school, both males and females. Learn Tsonga Language (Xitsonga) We help you learn with practice games. endobj 2005-03-09T07:52:00Z Practice. << /Count 6 /Kids [ 30 0 R 31 0 R 32 0 R 33 0 R 34 0 R 35 0 R ] /Parent 6 0 R /Type /Pages >> The Xitsonga language (Ririmi ra manana) as it is known today is linked to the ancient Tonga (Thonga) language of Mozambique and distantly related to other variations found most in abundance within Mozambique, Zambia, and Malawi (Hopgood 1992). The Save as TXT . Save as TXT . It is mutually intelligible with Tswa and Ronga and the name "Tsonga" is often used as a cover term for all three, also sometimes referred to as Tswa-Ronga. endobj GRADE 12 NATIONAL SENIOR … See how we do it. endobj endobj 28 0 obj 6 0 obj << /Contents 70 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 11 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> endobj endobj Since Zambiki spoke the Nkuna dialect, it implied that missionaries used this dialect in compiling everything written in Xitsonga. To listen to a short snippet of Lesson 1 click on the relevant language below. 25 0 obj endobj There are two types of written Norwegian, Bokmål and Nynorsk. endobj << /Contents 56 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 9 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> 35 0 obj 19 0 obj << /Contents 37 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 7 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> Save as CSV . the use of code –switching from xitsonga to english as a conversational strategy by hlamalani dollence baloyi mini-dissertation submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of masters of arts in translation studies and linguistics in the faculty of humanities (school of languages and communication studies) at the endobj endobj �Q����FI���B���=���[R(�,)s������0�~K�2. endobj << /Contents 47 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 7 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R /F5 48 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> He points out that this low status reflects the way in which the language as a school subject is held in poor esteem. 36 0 obj endobj Good morning Molo Good evening ('Molo' ) Good night Ulale kakuhle I don't understand Andiqondi Page 1 of 9. endobj They originated from the eastern part of Mozambique in the past two thousand years, long before the arrival of the Portuguese. << /Contents 61 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 9 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> 27 0 obj << /Contents 55 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 8 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> endobj endobj endobj Hoi, ik ben Bart de Pau. Zambiki who spoke Xitsonga. stream endobj Save as CSV . (�% ʄ����~Ҁ6��vXŶ�ޟ�� dZ�^aG�zq�q��k(�I�$�W {2� ��$V�J`��%��C8����F��B�G�Ħ��Y������ ��FS�98m" 2005-03-09T07:52:00Z endobj << /Contents 58 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 9 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R /F6 59 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> endobj However, discrepancies exist between language policy aims and … 11 0 obj only way to learn it is to practice, and speak the language with people who know it. 2005-03-09T08:10:37+02:00 12 0 obj << /Contents 57 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 9 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> << /Contents 60 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 9 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> 13 0 obj 26 0 obj << /Contents 51 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 8 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F4 46 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> Most people from the other population groups can also understand and speak Xitsonga. By paying … << /Contents 62 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 9 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> 18 0 obj 1.2.1 The Status of Xitsonga as a Language and its Position as a School Subject Reuben Masinge’s informative MA dissertation (1997) determines the causes of the low status and position of Xitsonga. %PDF-1.7 endobj ��l~ ���%�b�awY�r"Ƽ� 9����O���`�#��J�� ��=n#����7\�vpU����?B�f�}�\��0WEO�$��S�_����.����?�3rb����.�~E̅��v�n��0]f��Ԋ,�#i��20���]�:����N=Z�hy��Χ�AEC38����i����z��8�>?�\�ë:8���:��a�x�ϑs��H�O��h��g4��L�"C����� �����4X��#�����c�H�V@����}|�TNxZy�8��w\P4��o;T�g&�'�g��:�v$��U�xX�q g`�����B�%VyI\�8@D �����9B�4�H:�*(T������6B�&>��c�����+�5�X8��)�#5�����nDNa�0}l�@-$�a�� << /Contents 49 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 7 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> Xitsonga English; Ku rila: To cry: Ku tlangela siku ro velekiwa: Celebrating a birthday: Ku tlula: To jump: Madyambu … Norwegian Lessons: Learn to Speak Norwegian Norwegian Phrases, Vocabulary, and Grammar with Pronunciation. << /Contents 43 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 7 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> Approximately 1,646,000 people in the Limpopo Province are Xitsonga speaking. 23 0 obj endstream Xitsonga is grouped as S50 in Guthrie’s classification (1967-71) and is thus not closely related to any of the other Bantu languages spoken in South Africa, like Sesotho (S30) or Isizulu (S40). I can't speak Xhosa Andisithethi isiXhosa Do you speak English? This colorful ethnic group mainly resides in the Southern part of Africa as a continent. Need more Norwegian? << /DefaultGray 3 0 R /DefaultRGB 4 0 R /Metadata 5 0 R /Pages 6 0 R /Type /Catalog >> However, in light of the synchronic similarities that the different Xitsonga dialects share with the Nguni and Tekeza languages, … Acrobat PDFWriter 5.0 for Windows 3 0 obj Choose a language above to practice and learn words and phrases for any of the 11 official South African languages. Recommendations Home Tsonga Language (Xitsonga) endobj Whether you’re a beginner starting with the basics or looking to practice your reading, writing, and speaking, Duolingo is scientifically proven to work. Speak English fluently with Free Spoken English lessons using over 10,000 free audio files! 34 0 obj endobj Although listening and speaking skills are important, the emphasis is on the … Attempting to learn from reading this would be unproductive, or worse, boring. Learn xitsonga with Brian Breezy 10,420 views. Microsoft Word << /Contents 64 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 10 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F7 65 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> Take Tests: Resources. 17 0 obj endobj 2005-03-09T08:10:37+02:00 varieties). stream endobj 33 0 obj Master the basics When you master the basics of conversation you will be able to put that into practice with millions of South Africans in your city and province. endobj Introduction The Tsonga are a diverse people, generally including the Shangaan, Thonga, Tonga, and several smaller ethnic groups. << /Contents 67 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 10 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> endobj endobj Total translations: 2,210: Total languages: 1,510: Make it your Bible. The Xitsonga people have their native and current roots to the country of South Africa and the southern region of Mozambique. For once, the Vatsonga and Machangana reached agreement and in unison registered their name as Xitsonga, and that is how it is … endobj This as a result will lead to communicative success. 30 0 obj Vatsonga have been traced back by historians, to 500 – 1400 AD. Study and Learn: Certify. Play Games: Study. On this page you can read or download grade 11 xitsonga home language p2 memorandum in PDF format. stream 20 0 obj x��v�Pox��e="K�5L�c9�M��$�Z#���g�W��"�}� The Vatsonga/Machangana constitute an ethnic group in South Africa, located in the southern part of the African continent. << /Count 1 /Kids [ 36 0 R ] /Parent 6 0 R /Type /Pages >> Learning to speak with the people you live with shouldn’t be a chore, and the purpose of this guide is to make that aspect of your life a little easier. 31 0 obj << /Contents 44 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 7 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F3 41 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> A phrase is xivulwana in Xitsonga; The community is correcting the information on this page. 10 0 obj <> 16 0 obj 32 0 obj 4 0 obj Xitsonga English; A hi mina: It's not me: A ku hisi: It's not hot: A ku titimeli: It's not cold: A ku ve khisimusi lerinene: Merry … CHAPTER 1.doc << /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 1461 >> Uyasithetha isingesi na? endobj endobj I am an online Dutch teacher + founder of the Dutch Summer School and the Dutch Winter School.More about me here.. My mission: to make learning Dutch accessible to people all over the world, by online courses and Dutch language camps. << /Count 25 /Kids [ 7 0 R 8 0 R 9 0 R 10 0 R 11 0 R ] /Type /Pages >> 7N�0�o��s���ŏ����Ʃ���˭k*��~�t�r��MsQn�0�����v��z��\n��n:�y_n���&�mK�����ɻf���7�����f���ux��2�N?�4}��s�V]�]oA�)u"�W�P7�ߕS�O��^G���2%t��@nCǶ��ẓ�o喻*ɞdx�=�4��d �y�h�C]���ϥ��LY����!�9��q����U79������Ͷ����d@N�\���~pA�� WQ���F�۶}�!�7eh�]3�M��a�7_�onp�����#����9��=���� ��0 29 0 obj Thanks to Dan for helping with this tutorial and Celine for the recordings! 15 0 obj 21 0 obj 1.7 ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY The study … [ /CalGray << /Gamma 0.2468 /WhitePoint [ 0.9505 1 1.0891 ] >> ] A collection of useful phrases in Tsonga, a Bantu language spoken mainly in South Africa, and also in Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Swaziland. << /Contents 68 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 10 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> Although, strictly speaking, this is not a comparative study, a demonstration of how each type of alternation takes place in English will be given followed by an application of the alternations to Xitsonga constructions. << /Contents 50 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 8 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> �P� endobj Learn Spanish in just 5 minutes a day with our game-like lessons. endobj djagegjj 5:47. 9 0 obj Learning how to speak Tshivenda 3,700 views. << /Contents 66 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 10 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> ]LU��������*��P\�_8�� 7 0 obj 24 0 obj Languages available are -Isifundo, Isingesi, Isingisi, Seisemane,Seeyesemane,Isingisi. Bite-sized Spanish lessons. << /Contents 45 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 7 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F3 41 0 R /F4 46 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> << /Contents 54 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 8 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> << /Contents 69 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 10 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> 8 0 obj << /Count 6 /Kids [ 18 0 R 19 0 R 20 0 R 21 0 R 22 0 R 23 0 R ] /Parent 6 0 R /Type /Pages >> Sadly, amidst the excitement of the new democracy, Xitsonga was chopped from the national anthem. Purpose: of this module is intended to equip qualifying student teachers with the knowledge and skills of Xitsonga as a Home Language so that it may be used as a language of learning and teaching in the Foundation and Intermediate Phases. According to the author, there are several factors that influence learning of speaking skills for instance use of mother tongue outside and inside classroom environment, low status of English in a country, learners’ negative attitude towards … Choose your topic: Compete. �w�8�`�d�%��tرy,�*#��'$��B�<0,؜��[�yT�Ғ\��o;�C��WXې~x��o��'�7�k����{~ ێ��M�R��0�X����Ѹ�O���|Agsw�^�02u����>!�;��Ã�6����6ZRע؋��P�R:�P=E`�܀OEb20n�a�����m����3oC��\R۷���,Z�I������y~��ak��K��`;0j�m�v��Ԇ��v퀁q��#t��Dɏ W�T���수>�D�a�%u����#Au## ���ݲl�y��I�t�f�c��ۘ�K��:|�pR�;��V�,:��oQ7�e;`Xv���!t�j������i�#-�w���� ����w��]4Og$�-K�"��IaL�jS_�G �` �� ��T��{^��"�0�>����� ����╃ endobj This is a list of common Xitsonga phrases translated to English. endobj ('Ukhona apha umntu othetha isiNgesi' ?) 22 0 obj Save as PDF . #>�Z�1�֡gL\�{1�0�k���]�sC�>�� �}�cSvc@�(�a3�;�1�3�'=#wIrG�����s�%�y nj�p�W"���PPpk`"�d ��K��m}�d/�޷�i��v8�1ۇY��)a:݈��dUw5�͈��vܝ� ���� �����������ƴ���E�6Iݬv~� ���Xr��8�g�2U}c�vZ�!x�ocɞ�� ��hR족�PK�ٞ�? [ /CalRGB << /Gamma [ 0.2468 0.2468 0.2468 ] /Matrix [ 0.4361 0.2225 0.0139 0.3851 0.7169 0.09711 0.1431 0.06059 0.7141 ] /WhitePoint [ 0.9505 1 1.0891 ] >> ] The majority of them continue living according to their Xitsonga culture that has influenced boys' and girls' self-expression of emotions when faced with social disturbances where emotions such … Is there someone here who speaks English? �X�(��>���M�G�wU@��FO�f��R�/ax�Zׅ�4F�Q�:���)�욞ˠe�4�8"E�6:��C�~���\'�bת��Cߥ����{׍A;�+$38�;�n�г�:�E������� ��r*7�5��3�:���Ж,\�� � ΢ #�p�:;�Jn����Z��G�]5t�@�o~U^�e�]�Ր��h@y�1B��d�5� So�o�߰�H��tWv��O������:���!�z���@�k�����Z��Kt ���M�)�h��x���%��a�� 5 0 obj CHAPTER 1.doc H��V�r�6���>:���ܧ8�&�4�ƚ4��C! A phrase is xivulwana in Xitsonga; The community is correcting the information on this page. 1 0 obj The Tsonga people are a Bantu speaking ethnic group that is also widely referred to as Xitsonga. 2005-03-09T08:10:37+02:00 << /Contents 52 0 R /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 8 0 R /Resources << /Font << /F0 38 0 R /F1 39 0 R /F2 40 0 R /F4 46 0 R >> /ProcSet 42 0 R >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page >> Tsonga (/ ˈ t s ɒ ŋ É¡ ə, ˈ t s ɔː-/) or Xitsonga (Tsonga: Xitsonga), is a Bantu language spoken by the Tsonga people of southern Africa. Learning how to speak Tsonga ( Xitsonga) - Duration: 5:47. Save as PDF . Ndumeliso -Greetings - Duration: 2:52. due to absence of authentic language learning situations outside and inside classroom. 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